Archaeology Glossary Terms
Archaeology »Glossary terms a - A

Archaeology glossary is a comprehensive guide which provides meanings of popular terminology used in archaeology. It is particularly a valuable source for the people who term themselves as beginners in the field of archaeology.

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arbitrary level   an excavation level defined by factors of convenience, with no necessary relationship to site-stratigraphy or cultural components.
archaean   The middle era of Precambrian time, spanning the period between 3.8 and 2.5 billion years ago. Life arose on Earth during the early Archaean, as indicated by the appearance of fossil bacteria in rocks thought to be about 3.5 billion years old. Its name means "ancient."
archaeobotany   see paleoethnobotany.
archaeological context   the physical setting, location, and cultural association of artifacts and features within an site.
archaeological culture   a constantly recurring assemblage of artifacts assumed to be representative of a particular set of behavioral activities carried out at a particular time and place (cf. culture).
Archaeological site   a place where human activity occurred and material remains were deposited.
archaeologist   Anyone with an interest in the aims and methods of archaeology. A professional usually holds a degree in anthropology with a specialization in archaeology and is trained to collect archaeological information in a "proper" scientific way.
archaeology   the scientific study of the physical evidence of past human societies recovered through collection, artifact analysis, and excavation. Archaeologists not only attempt to discover and describe past cultures but also to formulate explanations for the development of cultures. Conclusions drawn from study and analyses provide answers and predictions about human behavior that add, complement, and sometimes correct the written accounts of history and prehistory. (also sometimes spelled Archeology) Th
archaeology of cult   the study of the material indications of patterned actions undertaken in response to religious beliefs.
archaeomagnetic dating   sometimes referred to as paleomagnetic dating. it is based on the fact that changes in the earth's magnetic field over time can be recorded as remnant magnetism in materials such as baked clay structure (ovens, kilns, and hearths).
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