Archaeology Glossary Terms
Archaeology »Glossary terms o - O

Archaeology glossary is a comprehensive guide which provides meanings of popular terminology used in archaeology. It is particularly a valuable source for the people who term themselves as beginners in the field of archaeology.

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observer   one who observes a spectator takes notice of something
obsidian   a volcanic glass whose ease of working and characteristically bard flintlike edges allowed it to be used for the making tools A that may clear black brown or green in color which is one finest raw materials chipping stone
obsidian hydration dating   this technique involves the absorption of water on exposed surfaces when local rate is known thickness layer if accurately measured can be used to provide an absolute date
Obtuse   A term used to describe a rounded tip or blunt tipped artifact
ochre   iron oxide or hematite Color is commonly reddish-brown to yellow Used as a natural pigment
off-site data   evidence from a range of -information including scatters artifacts and features such as plowmarks field boundaries that provides important about human exploitation the environment
Oldowan industry   the earliest toolkits comprising flake and pebble tools used by hominids in Olduvai Gorge East Africa
Oligocene   An epoch of the early Tertiary period spanning time between and million years ago It is named after Greek words oligos little few ceno new
open pit mine   a large scale mining operation that removes materials from the surface of site A hole or remains unless land is reshaped
open-area excavation   the opening up of large horizontal areas for used especially where single period deposits lie close to surface as example with remains American Indian or European Neolithic long houses
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