Archaeology Glossary Terms
Archaeology »Glossary terms w - W

Archaeology glossary is a comprehensive guide which provides meanings of popular terminology used in archaeology. It is particularly a valuable source for the people who term themselves as beginners in the field of archaeology.

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Wisconsin(an) glaciation   the latest major episode of glacial advance in Pleistocene North America from about 70,000 to 10,000 B.P.
weathering   the natural chemical or physical alteration of an object deposit through time
weathering zone   in pedology the depth to which soil processes are operational
weir   an aboriginal fish-trap based on a fence or barrier of stakes rocks built across stream
welded tuff   a rock formed of consolidated pumice or volcanic ash Occasionally used as raw material for lithic artifacts
Wheeler box-grid   an excavation technique developed by Mortimer from the work of Pitt-Rivers involving retaining intact baulks earth between grid squares so that different layers can be correlated across site in vertical profiles
Woodland   A cultural period of the Eastern North American Aborigine Indians dating from 3,000 - 1,300 B.P. Usually presence pottery differentiates culture Archaic which preceded it
woodland culture   of prehistoric Native Americans in northeast Iowa
Worked   A term used in projectile point descriptions which describes an area of artifact that has been shaped or altered by man such as the removal flakes along a blade edge
working period farm   A term usually associated with a museum exhibit in which full scale has been restored or reconstructed to depict the former lifeways tools and technologies of particular periods
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