Archaeology Glossary Terms
Archaeology »Glossary terms x - X

Archaeology glossary is a comprehensive guide which provides meanings of popular terminology used in archaeology. It is particularly a valuable source for the people who term themselves as beginners in the field of archaeology.


X-ray diffraction analysis   a technique used in identifying minerals present artifact raw materials it can also be geomorphological contexts to identify particular clay sediments and thus the specific source from which sediment was derived
X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (XRF)   a method used in the analysis of artifact composition which sample is irradiated with beam X-rays excite electrons associated atoms on the surface
XTENT modeling   a method of generating settlement hierarchy, that overcomes the limitations of both central place theory and Thiessen polygons; it assigns territories to centers based on their scale, assuming that the size of each center is directly proportional to its area of influence. Hypothetical political maps may thus be constructed from survey data