Archaeology Glossary Terms
Archaeology »Glossary terms s - S

Archaeology glossary is a comprehensive guide which provides meanings of popular terminology used in archaeology. It is particularly a valuable source for the people who term themselves as beginners in the field of archaeology.

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scanning electron microscope (SEM)   microscope SEM A in which a finely focused beam of electrons is scanned across specimen and the intensity variations are used to construct an image This type ideal for magnifications from 200 to 35,000
seismic reflection profiler   profiler an acoustic underwater survey device that uses the principle of echo-sounding to locate submerged landforms in water depths m this method can achieve penetration more than into sea-floor
seven wonders of the ancient world   Seven structures and statues that were seen as magnificent impressive to people The Wonders included Colossus Rhodes Hanging Gardens Babylon Temple Zeus at Olympus Artemis Mausoleum Pharos (Lighthouse) Great Pyramid Giza
sexual division of labor   the situation in which males and females a society perform different tasks In hunting-gathering societies usually hunt while gather wild vegetable food
site catchment analysis (SCA)   a type of off-site which concentrates on the total area from site's contents have been derived at its simplest can be thought as full inventory artifactual and non-artifactual remains their sources
site exploitation territory (SET)   often confused with catchment analysis this is a method of achieving fairly standardized assessment the area habitually used by site's occupants
SLAR (sideways-looking airborne radar)   a remote sensing technique that involves the recording in images of return pulses electromagnetic radiation sent out from aircraft cf thermography
stadia rod (also "surveyor staff)   a long brightly painted accurately calibrated in metric units or feet and inches used for obtaining elevations measurements of distance mapping with major surveying instrument
standing wave technique   an acoustic method similar to bosing used in subsurface detection
State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO)   established by the National Act of as an agency within each state government charged with enforcing provisions SHPO's receive federal funds from Park Service and allocate matching grants to local agencies private citizens for protection sites eligible listing in Register Places
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