Archaeology Glossary Terms
Archaeology »Glossary terms p - P

Archaeology glossary is a comprehensive guide which provides meanings of popular terminology used in archaeology. It is particularly a valuable source for the people who term themselves as beginners in the field of archaeology.

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paleoethnobotany (archaeobotany)   the recovery and identification of plant remains from archaeological contexts important in reconstruction past environments economies
palisade (also "stockade")   a fence formed of vertical posts placed side-by-side Usually intended for defensive purposes
patination (patina)   crust formed on an artifact by chemical alteration of its surface or accretion calcium carbonate
pecking (also "pecking and grinding")   the process of manufacturing heavy-duty stone tools bowls mauls etc from granular rocks by prolonged hammering with a hammerstone Abrasive techniques might be used to finish piece
phase (also "focus")   a chronologically limited cultural unit within local culture sequence characterized by sufficient diagnostic traits to set it apart from all other units A is generally represented or more components in several sites and the basic classificatory of archaeological cultures
piece esquillee (fr. "splintered piece")   a type of flaked stone artifact manufactured by the bipolar percussion technique. Generally characterized by a lenticular or wedge-shaped cross-section; opposed bifacial crushing, battering and hinge-fracturing; and frequently relatively long columnar "blade-like" flake scars.
pinger (or boomer profiler)   an underwater survey device more powerful than sidescan sonar capable of probing up to m ft below the seabed
political economy approach   assumes that I peasants rationally calculate the advantages
Post mold / post hole   a type of feature circular stain left in the ground after wooden has decayed usually indicates former existence house or fence
post-contact period (also "historic period")   also "historic refers to the following first arrival of Europeans
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