Archaeology Glossary Terms
Archaeology »Glossary terms q - Q

Archaeology glossary is a comprehensive guide which provides meanings of popular terminology used in archaeology. It is particularly a valuable source for the people who term themselves as beginners in the field of archaeology.


quadrant   generally refers to one-quarter of an excavation unit or level, e.g. "the northwest quadrant of excavation unit N. 2-4, E. 4-6".
quadrat   a rectangular sampling unit
quarry   Location where humans mine minerals from An archaeological site characterized by the extraction of lithic raw material for artifact manufacture
Quarry Blank   See Preform
quarry site   a where lithic raw materials have been mined
Quartz   A material frequently used in projectile points and other artifacts When quartz is clear colorless it called rock crystal milky white smoky clouded a brown color, rose pale red color, sugar quartz is the color of brown sugar
Quartz, Sugar   Also known as Quartzite a granular low grade form of light brownish quartz used in the production some point types especially areas where flint or cherts were not available
quartz-crystal   pure silicate rock-crystal Usually perfectly clear with six crystal surfaces May be used as a raw material for lithic tool manufacture
quartzite   a granular stone formed of fused quartz grains. Commonly white, yellow or red. Used as a raw material, for flaked stone tools. It can be chipped, but is difficult to work.
Quaternary   The second period of the Cenozoic era, spanning the time between 1.8 million years ago and the present. It contains two epochs: the Pleistocene and the Holocene. It is named after the Latin word "quatern" (four at a time).