the body was a
thin layer of moss. Scientists know that this moss was formed
in Danish peat bogs
in the early Iron Age about
the time when Jesus Christ
was born. Therefore,
the body must have been placed in the bog approximately 2,000
years ago during the early Iron Age. Using small samples of
his hair, Tollund Man's
age has been confirmed
by the latest refinements in radiocarbon dating. The acid in
the peat, along with the lack of oxygen underneath the surface,
had prevented the body from decaying.
Examinations and X-rays
showed that the man's head
was undamaged, and his heart, lungs and liver were
well preserved. He was not an old man, though he must
have been over 20 years old because his wisdom teeth
had grown in. He had probably been killed by the rope
around his neck. The noose had left clear marks on
the skin under his chin and at the side of his neck
but there was no mark at the back of the neck where
the knot was. Due to skeletal decomposition, it was
impossible to tell if the neck had been broken.
The stomach and intestines were examined and
tests were carried out on their contents. The scientists discovered
that the man's last meal had been a kind of soup made from vegetables
and seeds, some cultivated seeds and some wild: barley, linseed,
'gold of pleasure', knotweed
There were no traces of meat in the man's digestive
system, and from the stage of digestion it was obvious
that the man had lived for 12 to 24 hours after this
last meal. In other words, he had not eaten for a
day before his death. Although similar vegetable soups
were not unusual for people of this time, two interesting
things were noted:
The soup contained many different kinds of
wild and cultivated seeds. Because these seeds were not readily
available, it is likely that some of them were gathered deliberately
for a special occasion
The soup was made from seeds only available near
the spring where he was found.
Until recently, it was believed that it was
a rich man who were sacrificed to the Gods, but recently doctors
that he probably was nothing
but a thief who was hanged and thrown in the peat bog.
The body is currently kept in the Silkeborg
Also see other archaeological discoveries
Important archaeological Discoveries
Amesbury Archer (or King of Stonehenge) is an early Bronze Age man, dating to around 2300 BC. His grave is of particular importance because of the rich valuables and the earliest gold objects ever found in England.
Otzi the Ice mummy
Otzi the Iceman is well naturally preserved mummy of a man. The man who was been captured in Ice was believed to be over 53 centuries old (3300 BC).
Java man is an interesting discovery to note that the find was not a complete specimen, but consisted merely of a skullcap, a femur, and three teeth. Many scientists of the day even suggested that Dubois' Java Man might have been the so-called "missing link
Kennewick Man is the name for the remains of a prehistoric man found on a bank of the Columbia River near Kennewick, Washington, on July 28, 1996. The Kennewick Man news story is one of the most significant archaeology stories of contemporary times.
Neandertal1 or Neanderthal was a species of genus Homo (Homo neanderthalensis) that inhabited Europe and parts of western Asia during the last ice age.
Peking Man (sometimes now called Beijing Man), also called Sinanthropus pekinensis (currently Homo erectus pekinensis), is an example of Homo erectus.
Red lady of Paviland
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The Tollund man lived during the late 5th century BC and/or early 4th century BC, about 2,400 years . He was buried in a peat bog on the Jutland Peninsula in Denmark, a find known as a bog body.
Turkana Boy, the designation given to fossil KNM-WT (Kenya National Museum-West Turkana), is a nearly complete skeleton of a 12-year-old hominid boy who died 1.6 million years ago.Turkana Boy is classified as either Homo erectus or Homo ergaster.
Dead Sea scrolls
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The Narmer Palette, or Great Hierakonpolis Palette, is a significant Egyptian archeological find, dating from about 3200 BC, containing some of the earliest hieroglyphic inscriptions ever found, and depicting the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under Narmer.
Rosetta Stone is a dark granite stone (often incorrectly identified as "basalt") which provided modern researchers with translations of ancient text in Egyptian demotic script, Greek, and Egyptian hieroglyphics.
Linear B is the script that was used for writing Mycenaean, an early form of the Greek language. It occurrs primarily on tablets dated from the 14th and 13th centuries BC.
The Sweet Track is an ancient roadway in the Somerset Levels, England. As of the early 2000s, it is the oldest known engineered roadway in the world. An grand footpath that ran for almost 2km across the Somerset levels swamps.
Tautavel Man is an ancestor of Neanderthal man, was slightly different from his contemporaries living Asia and Africa. In the village of Tautavel is located in the South of France, one of the most ancient humans was found: the Tautavel Man.
The Galilee Boat
which is also referred as the "Jesus Boat" was found by local Galilean inhabitants
in January 1986. The boat was wrapped in a polyurethane shell and then immersed in a special tank of water to avoid quick disintegration.
The monumental Ekron inscription
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It wasn't long back when a lot of scholars were quizzical the real survival of a Roman Governor with the name Pontius Pilate, the procurator who ordered
Jesus' crucifixion. In June 1961 close to Caesarea-on-the-Sea (Maritima) was unearthed this appealing limestone block.
Ossuary of Caiaphas
In 1990 ornately decorate limestone ossuary (bone depository) was found in Jerusalem's Peace Forest. In the ossuary were the bones of two babies, a adolescent child, a teenage boy, an adult woman, and a man about 60years of age.
Israel, papyrus was the main form of writing substance. Once an authorized deed was written, it would be rolled up, one end crinkled in one-third of the width and the contrary end likewise folded in.
Ugarit-Pre historic city
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