The geological history of Egypt as indicated by it's fauna and flora is displayed in the Museum. There is also the unique collection of the Fayoum vertebrate fossils on display and a large collection of minerals, ores and rocks.In addition, a very valuable collection of meteorites discovered in Egypt and from other places in the world are displayed. These include the famous Egyptian meteorite Nakhlite believed to be from Mars.
The Museum is served by a library with references that date as far back as 1778, in addition to up to date references and bibliographies. These are available to the public and scientists. The Museum also includes some specialized laboratories for mineralogical, petrological and paleontological (both vertebrate and invertebrate) studies.
Models for rare vertebrate fossils are made to facilitate detailed studies and preserve the original specimens. The Museum shares in the studies conducted on the protectorates and outstanding geological features in order to raise the public environmental awareness.
The Egyptian Geological Museum is a museum in Cairo, Egypt.
The museum was established in 1904 as part of the Egyptian Geological Survey, which had been started in 1896 under the direction of the Khedive Ismail.
The museum was the first of its kind in the Middle East and the African continent.
The museum remained there in downtown Cairo until 1982, when the original building was torn down to accommodate construction of the Cairo Metro,and the museum was transferred to its present location near Maadi, a southern suburb of Cairo.
On display are the Fayoum vertebrates, a series of fossils that had been unearthed in 1898 by geologist Hugh Beadnell at Qasr Al-Sagha to the north of Birqet Qarun in the Fayoum desert.
These artifacts were sent to the British Museum for identification and returned to be displayed at the museum.
The museum also includes examples of the natural history of Egypt, and how its geology and minerals helped make Egypt a world power.