The museum housed artifacts that were found on the site of the Acropolis of Athens.
They derive mainly from the Parthenon, Propylae, Erechtheum, Temple of Athena Nike, Eleusinion, Sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia or Brauroneion, Chalkotheke, Pandroseion, the Old Temple of Athena, the Odeon of Herodes Atticus, the sanctuary of Asclepius or Asclepieion, Theatre of Dionysus, the odeon of Pericles and the Temenos of Dionysus.
The museum is home to many of the Greek world's ancient relics found in and around the Acropolis site since excavations started.
It was designed by the Greek architect Panages Kalkos and was constructed between 1865 and 1874.
The Acropolis Museum housed stone sculptures and bronze remains from the monuments of the Acropolis and some artifacts that are excavated on the site.