The main attraction of this museum is its Egyptian mummy, which was brought to Hyderabad by the son-in-law of VI Nizam Mahbub Ali Khan, and donated it to the last Nizam Mir Osman Ali Khan.
There is a huge gallery on Buddha dating back to last century.
The museum has wide variety of archaeological artefacts from the Nizam, Kakatiya dynasty etc.
The Department of Archaeology & Museums is a research oriented academic institution, the aim of which is to
Preserve ancient culture for the posterity through various activities such as conducting explorations, excavations at ancient habitiational and archaeological sites
Conservation and preservation of excavated sites and monuments
Conducting villagewise survey for registration of antiquities
Identification of archaeological sites and collection of epigraphical material and identification of historical monuments for their protection.