Caviglia Giovanni Battista
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  • An early traveler in Egypt, Caviglia was a unpredictable, uneducated Italian who spent his early life as a sea captain.
  • Nevertheless, he found his true calling in Egyptology, at a time when perhaps adventurous men were more suitable to the profession than today's scholars.
  • He was employed by various European collectors and work with a number of early explorers, including personalities such as Henry Salt.
  • Salt paid Caviglia to excavate the Sphinx, but actually the two men had a falling out after Caviglia spent most of his time looking for mummy pits.
  • He is noted at the first explorer to carry out main excavations at Giza, and exclusively investigated the Davison Chamber in the Great Pyramid, hoping to find a secret room.

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