Ashur is an ancient city which is located on the Tigris River in northern Mesopotamia in a specific geo-ecological zone. It lies at the borderline between rain-fed and irrigation agriculture.
From the 14th to the 9th centuries BC Assyrian Empire,it was the first capital , a city-state and trading platform of international importance and the city dates back to the 3rd millennium BC.
The Babylonians destroyed the city, but it was revived during the Parthian period of the 1st and 2nd centuries AD
Founded in the 3rd millennium BCE, when it was the first capital of the Assyrian empire it played the most important role from 14th to 9th century
Ashur was the place for crowning and burial of its kings and also the religious capital of Assyrians and Criterion iv: The remains of the public and residential buildings of Ashur provide an outstanding record during the Parthian period .