Archaeology » Heritage sites» Ashur
Salah ad Din


Year of Research

  • Ashur is an ancient city which is located on the Tigris River in northern Mesopotamia in a specific geo-ecological zone. It lies at the borderline between rain-fed and irrigation agriculture.

  • From the 14th to the 9th centuries BC Assyrian Empire,it was the first capital , a city-state and trading platform of international importance and the city dates back to the 3rd millennium BC.

  • The Babylonians destroyed the city, but it was revived during the Parthian period of the 1st and 2nd centuries AD

  • Founded in the 3rd millennium BCE, when it was the first capital of the Assyrian empire it played the most important role from 14th to 9th century

  • Ashur was the place for crowning and burial of its kings and also the religious capital of Assyrians and Criterion iv: The remains of the public and residential buildings of Ashur provide an outstanding record during the Parthian period .