Heliopolis - Egypt
Heliopolis is located in Cairo.
Heliopolis monument was established on 1930 BC.
Primary threats to Heliopolis :
The ancient city of Heliopolis, the city of on in the Bible, was the chief town of the 13th name of Lower Egypt.
Historical facts of Heliopolis :
Heliopolis is a suburb of Cairo about 10km from the city centre, which was built in the early part of the 20th century as a luxurious residential centre for Cairo’s wealthy citizens. Virtually nothing remains of the ruins which lie beneath Heliopolis, once a great city and religious centre which spanned the whole of ancient Egyptian history. It has a long history and was dedicated to the sun-god Re and to Atum. In Egyptian mythology its name was Iunu, meaning ‘pillar’ and it was thought to be the ‘mound of creation’ from which the world arose. The 'pillar’ refers to the ancient fetish which was worshiped at this most sacred place since earliest times. The status of the city was developed along with the solar cult of Re from at least Dynasty III and there are many references to the cults practiced there in the Pyramid Texts of Dynasty V, whose kings were thought to come from Iunu. There are references to sanctuaries of the ‘Ben Ben’, the Sun God Re, the Phoenix and the Obelisk of Atum. Atum was the creator god of Heliopolitan cosmology who begot the first divine couple, Shu and Tefnut who in turn gave birth to Geb, the earth and Nut, the sky.