Eastern Archaeology or Middle Eastern archaeology is a district branch of the wider, universal discipline
of Archaeology. It refers generally to the excavation
and study of artefacts and fabric culture of the
Near East in the ancient and pre-modern periods
(up to approximately AD 1500). Near Eastern Archaeology is a branch of archaeology. It reflecting the
origins and growth of the field in Western academic
traditions. Archaeological discoveries continually
develop our understanding of the community, history,
culture and literature of the Middle East.
Near Eastern Archaeology is a wide generalised
application, and is divided into further regional
sub-branches, the archaeology of modern states
in the region or along broad thematic lines. Regions
can be loosely defined, but are often based on
recognizable entities that evidence cultural cohesion
and coincide with topographical zones. Scholars
may differ on the way the region is divided. Regional
divisions also may change from period to period.
Diciplines by Regional study
African ArchaeologyAfrica has the longest record of human activity of any part of the world and along with its geographical extent; it contains an enormous archaeological resource. Scholars have studied Egyptology for centuries but archaeologists have only paid serious attention to the rest of the continent in more recent times.
American ArchaeologyArchaeology of the Americas is the learning of the archaeology of North America, Central America (or Mesoamerica), South America and the Caribbean, which is to say, the pre-history and Pre-Columbian history of Native American peoples.
European ArchaeologyIn terms of area, Europe is the world's second smallest continent, with an area of 10,400,000 kmē (4,000,000 square miles), making it slightly larger than Australia.
Medival archaeologyThe period covers the commotion caused by the fall of the Medival archaeology Roman Empire and cultures such as the Vikings, Saxons and Franks.
Near Eastern ArchaeologyNear Eastern Archaeology is a wide generalised application, and is divided into further regional sub-branches, the archaeology of modern states in the region or along broad thematic lines.
Post Medieval ArchaeologyThe Post Medieval Archaeology is considered as a bi-annual journal study of the material evidence of European society. This period saw the conversion of medieval to industrial society.
Modern ArchaeologyIn contrast to the antiquarianism of classical archaeology, anthropological archaeology today is concerned with culture history (i.e., the chronology of events and cultural traditions) and the explanation of cultural processes.