The Museum currently holds some 400,000 objects in its collections, among which are some of the most famous objects in China. These include the only complete set of 'jade suits sewed with silver thread' in China, which are world renowned. Collections also include artifacts from the southwest parts of China of the Naxi tribe, the Yi tribe, the Miao tribe, and other national minorities.
Nanjing Museum is located inside the Zhongshan Gate of Nanjing City. Its predecessor was known as the Central Museum Preparatory Location. The complex of buildings represents an amalgamation of east and west, with the great hall copying the style of a Liao-dynasty palace. In 1982, a Warring States period Chu State tomb was excavated from which stellar pieces were retrieved that also form some of the extraordinary treasures in this museum. Among these, the most special are the 'Wu Men painting school, Yangzhou painting school,' Jinling painting school,' as well as a small number of Song and Yuan-dynasty works. Most of the representative works of the modem Chinese painter Fu Baoshi (1904-1965, painter, art historian), and Chen Zhifo (1896-1962, modern arts educator) are stored here. These include excavations in Heilongjiang, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Sichuan, Gansu and other places.