B is the script that was used for writing Mycenaean,
an early form of the Greek language.
It occurrs primarily on tablets dated from the
14th and 13th centuries BC. The script was derived
from an earlier script (Linear A) used for writing
the Minoan language and thus does not accurately
represent the sounds of the Mycenaean language.
It is partly syllabic, with additional logographic
The first clay tablet at Knossos was discovered
by the British archaeologist Arthur Evans on March
31, 1900 and on April 6 he discovered a significant
hoard of tablets (measuring 5x10 inches).
Michael Ventris deciphered Linear B in 1951-1953.
Linear B has roughly 200 signs, divided in syllabic
signs with phonetic values and logograms (or ideograms)
with semantic values.
Linear B is assigned Unicode Range 10000-1007F
for syllabic signs and 10080-100FF for logograms.
The names of these signs are only roughly phonetical,
since most are used to represent a whole class
of syllables each, see Mycenaean language. There
are some additional, mostly rare, syllabic signs,
the values of some of which are unknown or disputed.
They are referred to either by a number, or by
some hypothetical phonetic approximation, e. g.
a2, a3, au, nwa, pu2 etc.
Due to the nature of the texts preserved, logographic
representations of items counted are very frequent.
Not all of their values are known, and their pronunciation
is, at best, the object of educated guessing.
The logograms represent concepts such as MAN,
WOMAN, COW, BULL, OIL, WINE, CLOTH, GOLD, BRONZE
etc. There are several dozen signs representing
various kinds of pots and vessels.
Also see other archaeological discoveries
Important archaeological Discoveries
Amesbury Archer (or King of Stonehenge) is an early Bronze Age man, dating to around 2300 BC. His grave is of particular importance because of the rich valuables and the earliest gold objects ever found in England.
Otzi the Ice mummy
Otzi the Iceman is well naturally preserved mummy of a man. The man who was been captured in Ice was believed to be over 53 centuries old (3300 BC).
Java man is an interesting discovery to note that the find was not a complete specimen, but consisted merely of a skullcap, a femur, and three teeth. Many scientists of the day even suggested that Dubois' Java Man might have been the so-called "missing link
Kennewick Man is the name for the remains of a prehistoric man found on a bank of the Columbia River near Kennewick, Washington, on July 28, 1996. The Kennewick Man news story is one of the most significant archaeology stories of contemporary times.
Neandertal1 or Neanderthal was a species of genus Homo (Homo neanderthalensis) that inhabited Europe and parts of western Asia during the last ice age.
Peking Man (sometimes now called Beijing Man), also called Sinanthropus pekinensis (currently Homo erectus pekinensis), is an example of Homo erectus.
Red lady of Paviland
The Red Lady of Paviland is a fairly complete Upper Paleolithic-era human male skeleton dyed in red ochre, discovered in 1823 by Rev. William Buckland in one of the Paviland limestone caves of the Gower Peninsula in south Wales, dating from c29,000.
The Tollund man lived during the late 5th century BC and/or early 4th century BC, about 2,400 years . He was buried in a peat bog on the Jutland Peninsula in Denmark, a find known as a bog body.
Turkana Boy, the designation given to fossil KNM-WT (Kenya National Museum-West Turkana), is a nearly complete skeleton of a 12-year-old hominid boy who died 1.6 million years ago.Turkana Boy is classified as either Homo erectus or Homo ergaster.
Dead Sea scrolls
The Dead Sea Scrolls are a collection of about 850 documents, including texts from the Hebrew Bible, which were discovered in eleven caves near Qumran, in a fortress northwest of the Dead Sea in Israel.
The Narmer Palette, or Great Hierakonpolis Palette, is a significant Egyptian archeological find, dating from about 3200 BC, containing some of the earliest hieroglyphic inscriptions ever found, and depicting the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under Narmer.
Rosetta Stone is a dark granite stone (often incorrectly identified as "basalt") which provided modern researchers with translations of ancient text in Egyptian demotic script, Greek, and Egyptian hieroglyphics.
Linear B is the script that was used for writing Mycenaean, an early form of the Greek language. It occurrs primarily on tablets dated from the 14th and 13th centuries BC.
The Sweet Track is an ancient roadway in the Somerset Levels, England. As of the early 2000s, it is the oldest known engineered roadway in the world. An grand footpath that ran for almost 2km across the Somerset levels swamps.
Tautavel Man is an ancestor of Neanderthal man, was slightly different from his contemporaries living Asia and Africa. In the village of Tautavel is located in the South of France, one of the most ancient humans was found: the Tautavel Man.
The Galilee Boat
which is also referred as the "Jesus Boat" was found by local Galilean inhabitants
in January 1986. The boat was wrapped in a polyurethane shell and then immersed in a special tank of water to avoid quick disintegration.
The monumental Ekron inscription
is dated, statistically and historically, to the first half of the seventh century B.C.E. The five lines of the inscription are together with this in a slit open border.
It wasn't long back when a lot of scholars were quizzical the real survival of a Roman Governor with the name Pontius Pilate, the procurator who ordered
Jesus' crucifixion. In June 1961 close to Caesarea-on-the-Sea (Maritima) was unearthed this appealing limestone block.
Ossuary of Caiaphas
In 1990 ornately decorate limestone ossuary (bone depository) was found in Jerusalem's Peace Forest. In the ossuary were the bones of two babies, a adolescent child, a teenage boy, an adult woman, and a man about 60years of age.
Israel, papyrus was the main form of writing substance. Once an authorized deed was written, it would be rolled up, one end crinkled in one-third of the width and the contrary end likewise folded in.
Ugarit-Pre historic city
It is the Capital city of a prehistoric principality in what these days is on the northern part of the Syrian coast, just north of the city of Latakia.