Frontiers of the Roman Empire
Archaeology » Heritage sites» Frontiers of the Roman Empire
North Rhine-Westphalia


Year of Research

    The ‘Roman Limes’ describes the border line of the Roman Empire at its greatest extent in the 2nd century AD.
    It lies over 5,000 km from the Atlantic coast of northern Britain, through Europe to the Black Sea, and from there to the Red Sea and across North Africa to the Atlantic coast. The remains of the Limes today has vestiges of constructed walls, ditches, forts, fortresses, watchtowers and civilian settlements.
    Certain elements of the line have been excavated, some of them were again built and a few destroyed. The two sections of the Limes in Germany cover a length of 550 km from the north-west of the country to the Danube in the south-east.
    The 118-km-long Hadrian’s Wall (UK) was constructed on the orders of the Emperor Hadrian c. AD 122 at the northernmost limits of the Roman province of Britannia.
    It is a striking example of the organization of a military zone and illustrates the defensive techniques and geopolitical categories of ancient Rome. The Antonine Wall, a 60-km long fortification in Scotland was established by Emperor Antonius Pius in 142 AD as a defense against the “barbarians” of the north.
    It constitutes the northwestern-most portion of the Roman Limes.