Al-Hijr Archaeological Site
Archaeology » Heritage sites» Al-Hijr Archaeological Site

Saudi Arabia

Year of Research

  • Mada'in Saleh Arabic also called Al-Hijr ("rocky place"), is an ancient city located in northern Hejaz (modern day Saudi Arabia), around 22 km from the red-cliffed wadi town of Al-`Ula.

  • In ancient times the city was inhabited by Thamudis and Nabateans and was known as Hegra.

  • Tombs with decorated facades dating from the 1st century BC to the 1st century AD.

  • The site also features some 50 inscriptions of the pre-Nabataean period and some cave drawings.

  • Al-Hijr bears a unique testimony to Nabataean civilization.

  • With its 111 monumental tombs, 94 of which are decorated, and water wells, the site is an outstanding example of the Nabataeans’ architectural accomplishment and hydraulic expertise.